The intrinsic ageing process (also called chronological ageing) is as inevitable as the passing of time and even with the best skincare, some of the signs of skin ageing will appear over time.
The first signs of skin ageing are the result of deeper changes that seem invisible at first. You may start to notice the surface-level effects though, for example, dark circles under the eyes, fine lines and wrinkles, or the loss of skin radience and smoothness.
As we age further, our skin’s ability to renew itself slows and key building blocks such as elastin and collagen become damaged and aren’t produced at the same rate as before. As a result, your skin loses elasticity, and fine lines and wrinkles begin to deepen. In addition, your skin may appear duller. Dark spots and uneven pigmentation are a further signs of ageing, so they’re often called ‘age spots.
The skin’s barrier function also weakens with time, making it more sensitive to external stressors, such as heat or pollution. The skin may become dryer. Reduced blood circulation can cause paler skin and the loss of that rosy complexion.
As the clock keeps ticking, the muscles within the face lose elasticity, too, causing a loss in volume. As we reach our 40s, fatty tissue from around the eyes and cheeks moves downwards towards the neck and jaw area, causing sagging and a change in the shape of the face.